Along the face of Park Ridge, stunted "krummholz" trees grow in protected pockets that provide a slighly more hospitable climate. This krummholz is typical of these ancient trees, which usually grow in the shelter of rock outcrops and are profoundly shaped by wind and ice. In German, the name "krummholz" literally means "crooked wood."

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All images are ©Tom Kloster 2001, and may not be used without permission